Domestic abuse and violence has a destructive impact on individuals, families, and communities. Southampton has a high recorded domestic abuse rate that continues to rise. In 2017/18 3,000 domestic violence crimes were recorded by Hampshire Constabulary for Southampton.
Domestic Abuse is one theme of the ‘trigger trio’ (DVA, Substance Misuse and Mental Health issues) for safeguarding children and young people. Southampton Children Safeguarding Partnership knows that the presence of the ‘trigger trio’ presents a high risk of significant or fatal harm to those families, children and young people. This is particularly relevant during this COVID-19 crisis, as we know from research on previous disease outbreaks, natural disasters and humanitarian crises, that domestic abuse and violence increases during and after these types of events.
This Domestic Violence and Abuse (DVA) pathways flowchart will guide you through the domestic violence and abuse pathways for Southampton. The flowchart will guide you through from the point of disclosure (that your client is experiencing or is at risk of violence or abuse from an intimate partner, or is the perpetrator of abuse) and will help you to identify where you should make a referral.
Identifying and Responding to Domestic Violence and Abuse in Southampton – Guidance for professionals
All practitioners should familiarise themselves with this guidance document which covers the steps to take to respond to Domestic Violence and Abuse (DVA) in Southampton. It explains the referral routes for DVA at all risk levels and is relevant for professionals in any service that has direct contact with the public.
There is also further guidance which details the referral routes for high risk domestic violence and abuse. This guidance is accompanied by HRDA Referral form. This form is a referral for adults who are currently experiencing Domestic Abuse at the highest risk level (where a victim is at imminent risk of serious physical harm or death). This form applies to adults with or without children in the household. It is also a referral for safeguarding a child or children under 18 years, where a parent or carer is also experiencing high risk Domestic Abuse. A (DASH) Risk Assessment form should also be completed with the DA victim (where possible) This form will trigger a joint, multi-agency response to safeguard and reduce the risk of harm for adults experiencing high risk Domestic Abuse and their children (if applicable). For advice and support about Domestic Abuse, including assessing risk levels call PiPPA 023 8091 7917. For advice about safeguarding concerns about a child call MASH 023 8083 2300. For advice or help with this referral form call MASH.
In his book, A Typology of Domestic Violence (2008), Michael Johnson identifies four different forms of domestic violence.
- Intimate Terrorism.
- Situational Couple Violence.
- Violent Resistance
- Mutual Violence
Understanding these different types of abuse may help inform how we work with and intervention plan with individual families.
This summary (issued by PIPPA – prevention, intervention and public protection alliance’) explains in more detail about these four typology.
Local Support Services
PIPPA – prevention, intervention and public protection alliance
In Southampton, the PIPPA helpline is the gateway to DA services in the city. Pippa Helpline: 023 8091 7917 – Monday to Friday 9:30am – 4:30pm
There are lots of other support services available for victims of domestic abuse. For full details, look at the Southampton City Council website.
The Hampton Trust also provides specific support those who think they may be hurting or abusing someone to help them to understand and change their behaviour. They run a confidential advice line 023 8000 9898 or can be contacted via their website